Combustion-derived particles inhibit in vitro human lung fibroblast-mediated matrix remodeling

Hannelore Bové, Jens Devoght, Leentje Rasking, Martijn Peters, Eli Slenders, Maarten Roeffaers, Alvaro Jorge-Peñas, Hans Van Oosterwyck, Marcel Ameloot (see publication in Journal )


The continuously growing human exposure to combustion-derived particles (CDPs) drives in depth investigation of the involved complex toxicological mechanisms of those particles. The current study evaluated the hypothesis that CDPs could affect cell-induced remodeling of the extracellular matrix due to their underlying toxicological mechanisms. The effects of two ultrafine and one fine form of CDPs on human lung fibroblasts (MRC-5 cell line) were investigated, both in 2D cell culture and in 3D collagen type I hydrogels. A multi-parametric analysis was employed. In vitro dynamic 3D analysis of collagen matrices showed that matrix displacement fields induced by human lung fibroblasts are disturbed when exposed to carbonaceous particles, resulting in inhibition of matrix remodeling. In depth analysis using general toxicological...